Cigar glossary

Anilla The Cuban word for a cigar band or ring (known in Spain as a vitola).
Boquilla  The foot of the cigar.
Capa The outside wrapper leaf of the Habano.
Capote The binder leaf. Selected from the largest and finest volado leaves grown on the lower part of the plant.
Catadores The tasters who daily test cigars at the factories.
Cepo The template used to check the ring gauge and length of a finished cigar.
Chaveta The semi-circular blade used by the torcedores to cut tobacco leaves in the factory.
Claro The description of a light brown coloured wrapper on a finished cigar.
Colorado The description of a dark brown wrapper on a finished cigar. Also Colorado Claro (mid brown) and Colorado Maduro (darker brown).
Edición Limitada Limited Edition. Special productions of Habanos made annually using fillers, binders and wrappers aged at least 2 years before the cigars are made. The wrappers come from the top leaves of the shade-grown (tapado) tobacco plant, which are darker in colour. Boxes can be identified by an extra black and gold seal indicating that they contain Limited Edition Habanos and the year in which they were released. Each Habano is dressed with an extra band giving the same information.
Figurado A cigar with an irregular shape pointed at one end or double-figurado pointed at both ends.
Fortaleza Literally strength. Fortaleza 1, 2, 3 and 4 are synonyms for volado, seco, ligero and medio tiempo.
Galera The factory workshop where cigars are made by hand. Literally the galley.
Gorro Cap of the cigar
Gran Reserva Special productions of Habanos that are released very occasionally in small quantities. The term applies only to Habanos whose fillers, binders and wrappers have all been aged for at least 5 years before being rolled at the factory. They are identified by a second band on the cigars in black and gold colours.
Habanos The official Denominación de Origen Protegida (D.O.P.), or Protected Denomination of Origin used only to describe the most outstanding brands of cigars, which are manufactured in Cuba to the most exacting standards established by the Regulatory Council, from tobaccos grown only in particular areas of the island that are also protected as Denominations of Origin. In English the word translates as Havanas, which are widely considered to be the best cigars in the world.
Habanosommelier The waiter in a bar or restaurant skilled in the art of selecting and serving Habanos as well as recommending matches with drinks or other products like coffee, tea or even chocolate. A contest to find the world's best Habanosommelier is staged as part of the Festival del Habano each year.
La Casa del Habano La Casa del Habano is the name of a network of retail cigar stores franchised by Habanos s.a. There are over 140 La Casa del Habano stores throughout the world on five continents. A full list can be found on the franchise's global website at
Ligero One of the tiempos or families of filler leaves. The word translates as "light" although it is used to describe the leaves taken from the top of the plant that are rich in flavour and usually dark in colour. Fortaleza 3.
Maduro Literally -ripe-. The description of a very dark brown, almost black, wrapper on a finished cigar.
Parejo A cigar with straight, parallel sides.
Seco One of the tiempos or families of filler leaves. This one describes the leaves of medium flavour taken from the middle of the plant, which contribute much to the Habano's aroma. Fortaleza 2.
Tripa Filler, the blend of two, three or four different types of tobacco leaves that form the heart of a Habano and dictate its flavour.
Tripa Corta Short filler. Filler that is made from pieces of chopped up tobacco leaves sometimes known as picadura.
Tripa Larga Long filler. Filler that is made from full-length tobacco leaves.
Veguero Cuban tobacco farmer.
Vitola A word with many meanings. In Cuba it refers to the size and shape of a cigar (vitola de galera factory name, vitola de salida market name) and also to a particular size of cigar in an individual packing. In Spain it means a cigar band or ring (vitolfilia cigar band collecting). To some it has an almost spiritual meaning encapsulating every aspect of their cigar of choice.
Volado One of the tiempos or families of filler leaves. This one describes the light flavoured leaves taken from the bottom of the plant, which help the cigar to burn.